Nature: "a rischio l'università italiana"

Oltre i confini dello stivale c’è qualcuno che guarda con molto interesse al ddl sull’università. Segno che la nostra educazione superiore suscita curiosità e perplessità anche nel resto del mondo. Così imbattendoci per caso nell’articolo di Alison Abbot su Nature, abbiamo scoperto che anche gli inglesi sono pronti a scommettere su una riapertura piuttosto “calda” dell’anno accademico 2010/2011. I dati, in fondo, parlano chiaro: 8733 ricercatori si sono già dichiarati indisponibili alla didattica, tra l’altro non obbligatoria per legge. Gli inglesi, forse più bravi di noi nei calcoli, hanno così già dato il loro verdetto: settembre sarà un mese di fuoco all’insegna della sopravvivenza.(riportiamo di seguito l’articolo di Alison Abbott, pubblicato su Nature)

Oltre i confini dello stivale c’è qualcuno che guarda con molto interesse al ddl sull’università. Segno che la nostra educazione superiore suscita curiosità e perplessità anche nel resto del mondo. Così imbattendoci per caso nell’articolo di Alison Abbot su Nature, abbiamo scoperto che anche gli inglesi sono pronti a scommettere su una riapertura piuttosto “calda” dell’anno accademico 2010/2011. I dati, in fondo, parlano chiaro: 8733 ricercatori si sono già dichiarati indisponibili alla didattica, tra l’altro non obbligatoria per legge. Gli inglesi, forse più bravi di noi nei calcoli, hanno così già dato il loro verdetto: settembre sarà un mese di fuoco all’insegna della sopravvivenza.(riportiamo di seguito l’articolo di Alison Abbott, pubblicato su Nature)
Strikes could ‘break’ Italy’s universities
Action by junior staff would cripple teaching.

The University of Bologna.envy777/iStockphotoScience teaching in Italian universities could be crippled if tens of thousands of junior staff make good on threats to strike later this year. The ‘ricercatori’ (researchers) are protesting harsh university budget cuts and a looming reform bill, which threaten their futures.
The bill was designed to align Italy’s struggling university system with international norms by, among other measures, eliminating the ricercatore position and introducing instead a tenure-track system. It is broadly welcomed in university circles, but massive funding cuts may make its goals unachievable.
Ricercatori — the lowest academic grade, beneath ‘associate professor’ and ‘full professor’— currently move up the academic scale by applying for open positions in competitions organized by the government. The proposed tenure-track system would instead offer young scientists three-year contracts that could be renewed once. If a central panel of experts then judged them suitable for tenure, they would be placed on a ‘habilitation’ list; universities would consider listed academics for professorships. But the law does not offer a way for existing ricercatori to get on the list. “We are afraid we will be stuck as ricercatori for the rest of our lives,” says neuropsychologist Alessia Tessari, a researcher at the University of Bologna.
SOURCE: MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, UNIVERSITIES AND RESEARCHA survey conducted at the University of Turin suggests that two-thirds of Italy’s 25,000 ricercatori will stop teaching courses and running exams during the strike. A walkout on this scale “will break the university system”, says chemist Dario Braga, pro-rector for research at the University of Bologna. Ricercatori are not obliged to teach, but in practice they run a significant proportion of courses, particularly in the sciences.
Enrico Decleva, rector of the University of Milan and head of the Conference of Italian University Rectors, admits that the strike would be crippling. “But we also have a much bigger problem,” he says. “The huge budget cuts will hit the universities at every level.”
Tessari says that she and many other ricercatori plan to strike as much to protest the budget threat as to protect their positions. Last year, the government decided to slash the already tight university budget from €7.49 billion (US$9.27 billion) to €6.05 billion between 2009 and 2012, a fall of 19%. In addition, an emergency financial budget now under discussion in parliament, which is intended to save about €24 billion in public spending by 2012, would allow universities to fill just one post for every five vacated over the next three years and one for every two in 2014, almost wiping out recruitment.
Most agree that Italy’s universities are badly in need of reform. But the cuts may make it impossible to raise standards and increase universities’ autonomy, two goals of the reform bill. A net of complex rules, some of which are in a constant and paralysing state of flux, stymies the universities. Academic recruitment and promotion — a mostly centralized procedure — had in any case almost ground to a halt for five years before a trickle of new posts were opened this year, because controversial selection rules were being revised. Powerless to hire, universities will not be able to take advantage of the reforms.

Total
0
Shares
Lascia un commento
Previous Article

Caro Luigi, non ci hai convinto!

Next Article

Ritorna Start Cup

Related Posts
Leggi di più

Sostenibilità urbana, l’intervista all’architetto Mario Cucinella

Architetto e designer di fama internazionale alla guida dello Studio MCA - Mario Cucinella Architects, studio specializzato nella progettazione architettonica che integra strategie ambientali ed energetiche e fondatore di SOS - School of Sustainability, un master per la formazione di nuove figure professionali nel campo della progettazione sostenibile